skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157383 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: What Works: Workplaces Without Alcohol and Other Drugs
Corporate Author: US Dept of Labor
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 71
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Rockville, MD 20852
US Dept of Labor
Washington, DC 20210
Sale Source: SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Box 2345
Rockville, MD 20852
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report suggests ways that executives, supervisors, employee representatives, and workers can contribute to ridding the workplace of substance abuse; examples of effective workplace substance-abuse policies and employee assistance programs are included.
Abstract: In discussing the prevalence and consequences of substance abuse by employees, the report notes that approximately 68 percent of all illegal drug users are employed either full-time or part-time. The consequences of drug abuse for employers and employees are impaired productivity, more absenteeism, greater risk of injury on the job, and more workers' compensation claims. A business can take certain steps to determine whether or not it has a substance-abuse problem or the potential for developing one. These steps include the identification of organizational indicators of substandard performance, consultation with managers and employee representatives, and a review of statistics collected by substance-abuse agencies. Because substance abuse tends to be a hidden problem, many organizations have decided to proceed on the assumption that there are individuals in the workplace who have or are developing a problem with alcohol or other drugs. This report recommends and outlines a five-part program that consists of a written substance-abuse policy, an employee education and awareness program, a supervisor training program, an employee assistance program, and drug testing as appropriate. The appendixes provide models of workplace substance-abuse policies and employee assistance programs, a discussion of legal issues pertinent to drug testing, drug fact sheets, and a list of 12 resources for technical assistance on workplace substance-abuse programs.
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Drug Policy; Employee assistance programs; Employee drug testing; Substance abuse in the workplace
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.