skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 157384 Find in a Library
Title: Similarity of Crime Rates Among Male Heroin Addicts in New York City, Philadelphia and Baltimore
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:(1991)  Pages:413-427
Author(s): J C Ball
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the similarity of crime rates among 617 heroin addicts in New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore.
Abstract: The sample was selected from six methadone maintenance programs in the three cities. The mean age of the sample at the first interview (in late 1985) was 36.6 years; 51.2 percent of the patients were black, 40.7 percent white, and 6.3 percent Hispanic. Mean years of heroin use was 11.2 years; this was supplemented by the use of other opiates as well as non-opiate drugs. This report presents the findings from an interview that focused on subjects' pretreatment criminality. The principal instrument used in the patient interviews was the Addiction Severity Index. It measures medical status, employment or support status, alcohol use, drug use, legal status, family and social relationships, and psychiatric status. Additional questions on drug abuse history, treatment experiences, and criminal behavior were included. Findings show that when "on the street" and addicted, the mean offense rates for addicts in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore were, respectively, 603, 631, and 567 offenses per year. Their respective mean crime-days per year at risk were 217, 269, and 227. Similarities and differences between offense rates and lifetime arrest rates were also analyzed. The study concludes that aggregate crime rates, participation rates, and frequency of crime among addicts in the three cities were remarkably similar. 5 tables, 2 figures, and 13 references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Heroin; Maryland; New York; Pennsylvania
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=157384

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.