skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157391 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Facts About the Criminality of Heroin and Cocaine Abusers and Some New Alternatives to Incarceration
Author(s): B D Johnson; D S Lipton; E D Wish
Corporate Author: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
United States of America
Date Published: 1986
Page Count: 62
Sponsoring Agency: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
New York, NY 10010
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 80-IJ-CX-0049
Sale Source: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
71 West 23rd Street
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report summarizes the central findings of research over the past 10 years that pertains to the criminal behavior of heroin and cocaine abusers.
Abstract: The six major sections of the paper discuss findings about heroin and cocaine abusers, interface with the criminal justice and drug treatment systems, policy implications, options for the criminal justice system, new alternatives to incarceration, and the reallocation of fiscal and personnel resources. The section that presents findings about heroin and cocaine abusers notes that those who abuse these drugs consume them at least once a week; many consume them many times per day. Heroin and cocaine abusers are the most serious street criminals, and approximately half of the most violent criminals are heroin users, with most consuming it daily. Daily heroin users commit over 100 crimes per year, excluding drug crimes. The discussion of the interface with the criminal justice and treatment systems advises that criminal justice agencies have few strategies for routinely detecting and intervening in the drug use of arrested heroin and cocaine abusers, even though there is little evidence that criminal justice sanctions are as effective as drug treatment in reducing the drug use and criminality of cocaine-heroin abusers at liberty. One section of the paper presents several policy options by which criminal justice agencies can more effectively deal with criminally active heroin and cocaine abusers, and another section provides new policy options by which criminal justice agencies can reduce the criminality of cocaine-heroin abusers convicted of crimes, other than by incarceration. The authors recommend that fiscal and personnel resources be refocused to support mandatory treatment and routine monitoring of convicted heroin and cocaine abusers. 58 notes, 4 tables, 4 graphs, and 132 references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Cocaine; Drug treatment; Heroin
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.