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NCJ Number: 157394 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Six-Year Follow-Up of Opioid Addicts After Admission to Treatment
Journal: Arch Gen Psychiatry  Volume:39  Issue:11  Dated:(November 1982)  Pages:1318-1323
Author(s): D D Simpson; G W Joe; S A Bracy
Corporate Author: Institute for Behavioral Research, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Behavioral Research, Inc
Silver Spring, MD 20910
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: H81 DA 01598-07
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzes and describes the outcome status of a sample of opioid addicts during a 6-year period from admission to treatment to follow-up interview.
Abstract: A total of 16,729 persons were admitted to drug abuse treatment programs registered with the Drug Abuse Reporting Program (DARP) during the period June 1972 through March 1973. From this population base, a stratified random sample was selected for follow-up, composed of 2,295 former patients from 26 DARP agencies. The follow-up sample included black and white persons of both sexes from methadone maintenance programs, therapeutic communities, outpatient drug-free treatments, and outpatient detoxification programs. Assignment of patients to treatment groups was performed in accordance with each clinic's regular procedures and was not random. Sixty-one percent of the sample had achieved abstinence from opioid drugs for a year or longer immediately before the follow-up interview. Compared with those who continued heavy opioid drug use, as well as with others who had problems with nonopioid drugs or alcohol over time, persons who achieved abstinence also had significantly better long-term outcomes on criminality, use of nonopioid drugs and alcohol, and productive activities. Except for criminal history, outcome status was generally unrelated to client demographic and background predictors, but behavioral improvement over time was strongly associated with participation in drug abuse treatment. The findings add further correlational evidence in the overall DARP research program to the contribution of treatment to the improvement of prosocial behaviors of drug abusers. 28 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Heroin; Opioids
Note: DCC
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