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NCJ Number: 157419 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Promoting Human Capability as an Alternative to Early Crime Prevention (From Integrating Crime Prevention Strategies: Propensity and Opportunity, P 141-168, 1995, Per-Olof H Wikstrom, Ronald V Clarke, et al., eds. -- See NCJ-157412)
Author(s): F Earls; M Carlson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Council for Crime Prevention
S-113 21 Stockholm, Sweden
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Council for Crime Prevention
P.O. Box 1386
S-113 21 Stockholm,
Sweden
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: Sweden
Annotation: In examining factors in human development from conception to age seven, this article proposes a thesis pertinent to delinquency prevention.
Abstract: The first section of this paper characterizes existing longitudinal and experimental research to highlight the current state of knowledge. Two central issues addressed are why prediction is too inaccurate for planning early prevention strategies and the achievements of early preventive interventions. The second section addresses the conceptual limitations of this body of work, which the authors regard as significant. This critique becomes the platform for beginning the analysis of motivation as it relates to early childhood experiences. The third section discusses a decisive shift from a prevention to a promotion mode of thinking. It presents a framework that encompasses principles of developmental neurobiology, social organization, and economic resources. These are the components that require synthesis and coordination to create what the authors propose as more definitive strategies to promote human capability in general and social competence in particular. The last section charts directions for future research. Here the distinction is made between early and late deprivation as representing separate and distinctive causal pathways toward antisocial behavior. 55 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Child development; Crime causes theory; Socialization
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