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NCJ Number: 157428 Find in a Library
Title: Methodological Issues Related to Instrument Development for Community Policing Assessments
Journal: Police Studies  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1994)  Pages:21-40
Author(s): M M Lanier; W S Davidson II
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since community policing is based on specific theoretical assumptions, this paper presents methodological guidelines needed to examine basic, yet often neglected, theoretical components of community policing.
Abstract: Stated objectives of community policing include reducing fear of crime and increasing community cohesion, in part through decreasing physical and social disorder. Scales were developed to measure cohesion, disorder, and fear of crime in a sample of 377 adults in a midwestern city. The survey instrument was based on social scientific literature and was piloted with police officers and members of neighborhood organizations. Results indicated that the Cohesion Scale had an alpha coefficient of 0.74, the Disorder Scale had an alpha coefficient of 0.92, and Fear of Crime had an alpha coefficient of 0.82. In addition, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to determine the internal structure of measures and construct saliency. Factor analysis confirmed the presence of cohesion, disorder, and fear of crime and replicated the structure derived from theoretical analysis. In general, findings demonstrate baseline quantitative techniques required to evaluate community policing. 56 references, 1 endnote, and 9 tables
Main Term(s): Police research
Index Term(s): Community policing; Evaluation techniques; Fear of crime; Program evaluation; Research methods; Statistics
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