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NCJ Number: 157451 Find in a Library
Title: Squashing Theory: A Prediction Approach for Drug Behavior (From Prevention Practice in Substance Abuse, P 103-110, 1995, Carl G Leukefeld and Richard R Clayton, eds. -- See NCJ-157443)
Author(s): M Buscema
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Sale Source: Haworth Press, Inc
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904
United States of America
Type: Measurement/Evaluation Device
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents an overview of a prediction approach for drug prevention called Squashing Theory (Buscema, 1985, 1990, 1994a, and 1994b).
Abstract: The model is an analytical approach to predict behavior. In order to predict a behavioral trend by using this approach, users must measure multiple characteristics and incorporate variables that range from those that are more relevant to those that are supplementary. Characteristics that are relevant for one subject have the possibility of emerging as characteristics across subjects through network interactions. Following a summary of the Squashing Theory and methodology, this paper lists the 14 variables included in the analysis. They are scholastic characteristics, employment, parental and sibling characteristics, living conditions, sexual and partner characteristics, religious and behavioral characteristics, economic condition, use of alcohol and tobacco, legal involvement, friendships, use of free time, psychological characteristics, perceptions of the family and partner, and drug use. The Artificial Feed Forward Neural Network, a recently developed computer architecture inspired by the brain's structure (Dayhoff, 1990), is the framework for Squashing Theory. The Network was computer programmed by the Semeion Research Center in Rome, Italy. The model was able to predict drug behavior at the 92-percent level on prototypical cases and at the 80-percent level on uncertain cases based on self-reported drug use from two norming samples and the prediction sample. 10 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Criminality prediction
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=157451

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