skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157473 Find in a Library
Title: Responding to Crimes of Violence Against Women: Gender Differences Versus Organizational Imperatives
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:41  Issue:4  Dated:special issue (October 1995)  Pages:443-466
Author(s): E Buzawa; T L Austin; C G Buzawa
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a 1-year sample of cases from a midwestern city, the study tests the hypothesis that there is an inverse relationship between the level of intimacy between victims and offenders in assaults and police arrest rates.
Abstract: This research project was the outgrowth of a study conducted by one of the researchers on behalf of the plaintiffs in a lawsuit against the police department of a midsized, midwestern city. The data set consisted of 376 assault cases from the official records of the police department. It covered all cases designated by the department as an "assault" for a period of 10 months during 1986 to 1987, after a domestic violence reform statute was passed to emphasize police aggressive intervention in domestic assault cases. The study conducted a content analysis of 1,000 consecutively numbered incidents to obtain a general understanding of how domestic assault reports were written compared to other calls. The study found differential treatment of domestic violence and stranger assault incidents as measured by the likelihood of arrest. Despite the relatively low percentage of arrest (26 percent), it was clear that officers made fewer arrests for cases that involved domestic assaults than for stranger assault cases. This distinction was magnified when several relevant factors -- offender presence at the scene and victim preference -- were controlled. Of equal importance, victims' preferences for arrest were ignored in 75 percent of the domestic cases, compared with more than 40 percent of stranger assault cases. Although these findings suggest that police disparately respond to the problems of the largely female victims of domestic violence, the researchers are unwilling to state that this is symptomatic of overall police behavior. 4 tables, 5 notes, and 57 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Domestic assault; Stranger on stranger crimes; Victim-offender relationships
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.