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NCJ Number: 157508 Find in a Library
Title: Guest Editorial: Recidivism -- Let's Reduce It!
Journal: Perspectives  Volume:19  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1995)  Pages:6-8
Author(s): M Carey
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 3
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This editorial suggests that recidivism is directly related to corrections performance and that recidivism is too often minimized as just one measurement of many in evaluating the effectiveness of corrections.
Abstract: Recidivism should not be a singular method of measuring outcomes and needs to be put in perspective, along with other correctional system objectives. The correctional system is one of several intervening factors that collectively influence an offender's course of action. Such factors may include family dynamics, employment conditions, peer influence, and community support. Recidivism is an important measurement of correctional system interventions. The ability to reduce recidivism is largely controlled by two factors: (1) correctional agency's culture and expectations; and (2) tools provided to reduce recidivism. Correctional agencies need to identify expectations for offender behavior, and probation departments need the tools necessary to reduce recidivism. Behavioral and cognitive approaches can reduce recidivism by about 15 percent. Approaches that individualize by taking into account responsibility factors can reduce recidivism by 50 to 70 percent. Surveillance and nonbehavioral programs and punishment alone are not effective in reducing recidivism over the long-term and may actually increase the likelihood of recidivism. Probation departments need the knowledge and resources to reduce the risk of recidivism and need to focus on interventions that effectively reduce recidivism. 1 figure
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Probation effectiveness; Probation or parole agencies; Probation or parole services; Recidivism
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