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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157523 Find in a Library
Title: Sensitivity and Specificity in Child Abuse Detection
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(1995)  Pages:99- 104
Author(s): G A Gellert
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 6
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Systems to reduce the frequency of both false negatives and false positives need to be introduced into child abuse detection to prevent a public backlash against inaccurate reporting that can compromise the entire reporting, treatment, and prevention effort.
Abstract: Great social and economic costs are associated with an incorrect diagnosis of child abuse. However, it is not clear whether the child protection field will itself have the vision and initiative to address this problem proactively and aggressively from within or whether regulation and restriction of activity will be imposed form the outside. While it is necessary to continue expanding child abuse detection efforts to ensure that underreporting does not occur, it is essential to improve the accuracy level of diagnosis. This can be accomplished partly by reducing the fragmentation that occurs through the multiple systems established for detection, medical management, psychological intervention, protection of abused children, and prosecution of alleged perpetrators. Multiagency processes similar to child death review teams are needed to coordinate data and resources from various child care providers and advocates to improve the specificity of child abuse detection while maintaining sensitivity. Pooling of information from agencies, interagency teams, information exchanges across agencies, automated national and regional registries of suspected cases, and routine validity checks are all needed. 4 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse detection; Child abuse reporting; Child abuse situation remedies
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