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NCJ Number: 157583 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Juvenile Delinquency: Is the Criminal Justice System Overlooking a Contributing Factor to Criminal Behavior?
Author(s): J B Keith
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorders
Plantation, FL 33317
Sale Source: Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorders
499 N.W. 70th Avenue
Suite 109
Plantation, FL 33317
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the research on attention deficit- hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and concludes that diagnosing and treating juveniles with ADHD at a very young age will reduce the number of offenders from this population, thereby reducing costs to the criminal justice system and the number of inmates.
Abstract: Research indicates a positive correlation between juveniles with ADHD and juvenile delinquency. It is also well known that delinquent and criminal behavior usually originates in early childhood and that antisocial behavior, once firmly established, is notoriously resistant. ADHD is a neurobiological disability that affects up to 5 percent of all children, and possibly twice as many. It is increasingly recognized as a disorder that persists in half of young adults diagnosed as having it in childhood. Diagnosis requires a comprehensive evaluation by a psychologist and a physician. Treatment consists of a multimodal approach including parent training in behavior modification techniques, working with the school family counseling, and medication. One study revealed that 55 percent of a sample of adjudicated juvenile delinquents had ADHD; another revealed that ADHD posed a significant additive influence on the development and persistence of juvenile delinquency. Therefore, schools, health providers, and the justice system should work together to address this problem; all juvenile offenders should be evaluated for ADHD, and parents of diagnosed children should receive training and counseling. Reference notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Criminology; Hyperactive children
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