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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157643 Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence and Consequences of Child Victimization: Preliminary Results from the National Survey of Adolescents
Author(s): B E Saunders; D G Kilpatrick
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This presentation discusses the methods and preliminary results of a national survey of adolescents that focused on the roles of demographics, personal victimization, and the experience of witnessing violence in relation to drug abuse, mental health problems, and juvenile delinquency.
Abstract: Information was gathered in telephone interviews of a national probability household sample of 4,023 youths ages 12-17 years. The youths were interviewed after a parent or guardian and then the participant consented. Variables included age, gender, race, household income, being a victim of sexual assault, being a victim of physical assault, having witnessed violence, meeting diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol or drug use in the lifetime or over the past year, heavy alcohol use, and the commission of an index delinquency offense. The sample's demographic characteristics were representative of the youth population as a whole. A total of 8.1 percent had experienced sexual assault, 17.4 percent had experienced physical assault, 40 percent had witnessed violence, about 9 percent had experienced a family-discipline assault, and 12.3 percent had committed an index delinquent offense. Almost one in five was involved in problematic alcohol or drug use. Gender differences were as expected regarding experiences of sexual and physical assault. Findings indicated substantial proportions of those who had experienced physical or sexual assault or had witnessed violence were currently experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder. Findings also indicated that drug use and personal victimization are related to juvenile delinquency. Further data analysis will clarify the sequence of these events. The research was funded by the National Institute of Justice. Figures, tables, questions from the audience, answers from the speakers, and introduction by National Institute of Justice Director Jeremy Travis
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse as delinquency factor; Drug abuse causes; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile witnesses; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
Note: 60 minutes, VHS, color; NIJ Research in Progress. Video also available in open captioned.
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