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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157809 Find in a Library
Title: Tuberculosis in Correctional Facilities 1994-95, Research in Brief
Series: NIJ Research in Brief
Author(s): K Wilcock; T M Hammett; R Widom; J Epstein
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-89-C-009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the results of a 1994 survey designed to determine the dimensions of the tuberculosis (TB) problem in adult correctional facilities and the prevention and control strategies being used to address it.
Abstract: The survey found that in 31 State prison systems, 14 percent of inmates had positive TB skin test results at intake. In 51 Federal/State systems surveyed, 25 reported a total of 5,609 TB skin test conversions in the 2 years prior to the survey. Coinfection with TB and HIV increased among male inmates in some systems since the 1992-93 survey, but data on female inmates generally were not provided. The survey also determined that the number of inmates with TB under treatment declined since 1992-93, and the use of recommended negative-pressure rooms to isolate infectious inmates from the rest of the prison population increased. Directly observed therapy for TB became more widespread in correctional systems; directly observed preventive therapy also increased. As part of discharge planning, most correctional systems referred to local health department TB programs those inmates who had not completed treatment prior to release or parole. Validation survey results showed that some facilities were not following their systems' TB treatment and control policies. 10 tables and 19 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Inmate health care; Inmate preventive health education; NIJ grant-related documents; Tuberculosis
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief, July 1996.
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