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NCJ Number: 157826 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Drug Testing in the Juvenile Justice System: The Necessary Correlation Between Agency Mission, Program Purpose and Use of Test Results
Author(s): A H Crowe
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: American Probation and Parole Assoc
Lexington, KY 40578-1910
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: 90-JN-CX-K005
Sale Source: American Probation and Parole Assoc
The Council of State Government
P.O. Box 11910
Lexington, KY 40578-1910
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug testing programs in the juvenile justice system are discussed, with emphasis on the need for the purpose of a drug testing program to be consistent with the agency mission, as well as implementation methods structured to help accomplish this purpose.
Abstract: The development of sound policies for drug testing in the juvenile justice system is extremely important to protect youth from improper practices and procedures or the unwise use of test results, to protect staff and programs from legal liabilities, to develop appropriate and accurate documentation of community and program needs, and to provide services at an appropriate cost-benefit ratio. A 1991 survey that received responses from 69 juvenile justice agencies in 40 states revealed that nearly 90 percent perform drug testing of the juveniles in their programs. Only 58 percent of the programs providing testing indicated that they have policies and procedures for these services. The most commonly listed accountability-related responses to positive test results included revocation of probation or parole, a report to the court, a disciplinary action, or decreased privileges. Conducting urinalysis to promote competency development in youth often emphasizes identifying youth who are abusing drugs, confronting their use, and developing appropriate treatment responses. Failure to correlate the three elements of agency mission, program purpose, and use of results will probably lead to unsuccessful outcomes with individual youth, program failures, and staff frustration. Table and 15 references
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Drug Policy; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile justice policies; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
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