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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157830 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prior Criminal Records of Perpetrators of Drug-Related Homicide
Author(s): H H Brownstein; H S Baxi; P J Goldstein; V D Manti
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Albany, NY 12203-3764
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0046
Sale Source: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
4 Tower Place
Albany, NY 12203-3764
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The link between drug events and homicide was assessed using data collected during police investigations of 414 homicides in New York City.
Abstract: Drug events took place between March 1 and October 31, 1988, in 17 of the city's 75 police precincts. Case-specific information was collected on drug-related homicides, including information not normally maintained in police profiles. For example, information was obtained on prior and immediate drug use by both perpetrator and victim, police knowledge of prior drug involvement, and whether the event involved a drug sale or a drug purchase. Cases were classified as drug-related only when both researchers and police agreed that the homicide would not have occurred in the absence of drugs. Prior criminal records of drug- related homicides were compared with nondrug-related homicides. About 78 percent of homicide perpetrators had an official prior criminal history. Of those involved in drug-related cases, 87 percent had a criminal arrest record. Of those involved in nondrug-related homicides, 68 percent had a criminal arrest record. Only 39 percent of homicide perpetrators had an official record of drug arrests. Even among those involved in drug-related cases, only 50 percent had an arrest record for drug offenses. Approximately 66 percent of homicide perpetrators had been arrested one or more times for a violent felony. The authors conclude that individuals involved in homicide, drug-related or not, more frequently have a history of violence than a history of drug offenses. 18 references, 2 notes, and 8 tables
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Criminal histories; Drug law offenses; Homicide; New York; Violent crimes
Note: DCC. Paper prepared for presentation at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, San Francisco, California, November, 1991.
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