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NCJ Number: 157837 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Concordance of Hair and Urine Assays in an Arrestee Population
Author(s): T Mieczkowski
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Scholar Commons University of South Florida

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-IJ-CX-0023
Sale Source: Scholar Commons University of South Florida
,
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Pinellas County, Florida, Drug Study was conducted to study illicit drug use among arrestees using hair and urine samples.
Abstract: Specific study goals were to demonstrate the feasibility of gathering multiple specimens, especially hair samples, from volunteers solicited in a booking facility; to compare drug use self-reports, urinalysis, and hair analysis; and to evaluate the extended timeframe or detection window of radioimmunoassay of hair (RIAH) for positively establishing exposure to illicit drugs based on biological testing methods. The study sought to interview between 250 and 300 male arrestees and between 50 and 100 female arrestees booked into the Pinellas County Jail. Urine specimens were analyzed for metabolites of cocaine, cannabinoids, opiates, amphetamines, and benzodiazepines, while hair samples were analyzed for heroin and cocaine. In general, drug use was underreported by study subjects. The degree of underreporting was highest for cocaine and lowest for marijuana. The strongest contribution of RIAH was its ability to detect drug users who could not be detected by urinalysis. 15 references, 8 tables, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Arrest procedures; Benzodiazepines; Cocaine; Drug use; Florida; Hair and fiber analysis; Heroin; Marijuana; Opioids; Self-report studies; Urinalysis
Note: DCC
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