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NCJ Number: 157838 Find in a Library
Title: Politics of Prostitution and Drug Control (From the Politics of Crime Control, P 109-126, 1991, Kevin Stensor and David Cowell, eds.)
Author(s): N Boyd; J Lowman
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Prostitution and drug control are examined, with emphasis on the political and economic forces that influence the criminal law and law enforcement practices related to them in western countries as well as on a global level.
Abstract: The denunciation of prostitution has a long history in most civilizations and religions, whereas the emergence of various rationales for the censure of certain mind-altering substances has occurred mostly in the 20th Century and is largely a product of western thinking. The Bible contains admonitions of alcohol overindulgence but not of alcohol consumption or other mind-altering substances. However, Islam and other religions ban alcohol. The criminalization of drugs in North America began less than 90 years ago as an outgrowth of labor disputes, immigration issues, and racial bigotry, as well as alarm about addiction to cocaine and morphine. General concern existed at the same time about sexual morality and racial purity. Although Great Britain, Canada, and the United States have long controlled prostitution by provisions relating to vagrancy and lewdness, the United States first criminalized the act of selling sexual services at approximately the same time and in the same moral climate that it criminalized drugs. The premises and practices of drug policies do not appear to be clearly founded in either pharmacology or any objective measure of harmfulness. The three general strategies for controlling drugs are criminalization, therapeutic intervention, and education; the three legal approaches are prohibition, decriminalization, and legalization. Similar variations exist in the regulation of prostitution. Both phenomena must be understood in the context of international market mechanisms, gender structures, and a global class system. Note and 44 references
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Criminology; Drug law enforcement; Prostitution; US/foreign comparisons
Note: DCC
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