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NCJ Number: 157852 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Bag Marking and Bag Buying: Observations on the Street Heroin Trade in New York City
Author(s): P J Goldstein; D S Lipton; E Preble; I Sobel; T Miller; W Abbott; W Paige; F Soto
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: R01-DA01926; R01-DA-02355; LEAA-J-IAA-005-8
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from three separate studies formed the basis of this analysis of the use of distinctive packaging and labeling of street heroin and other illicit drugs as a merchandising technique in New York City.
Abstract: Data were collected through field research study, interviews of 60 women, an ethnographic study of the economic behavior of more than 300 street opiate users in the East Harlem area, discussions with police officials, and a review of Drug Enforcement Agency reports. The rise of widespread bag marking resulted from three separate sequences of events. The first related to economic pressures in the heroin market starting in 1973. The second event was the enactment of tougher new drug laws that took effect in New York State on September 1, 1973. Heroin dealers perceived the need for greater security by advertising their merchandise through brand names rather than their own names or aliases. The third factor was the emergence of independent black dealers and their reported consolidation into a new syndicate with overseas heroin connections. Colored tapes were the first method of labeling street heroin. The transition to brand names occurred because the limited number of colors. Bag marking is spreading, but it is still confined to New York City. Footnotes and list of heroin labels
Main Term(s): Drug law offenses
Index Term(s): Heroin; New York
Note: DCC. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, Washington, D.C., 1981
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