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NCJ Number: 157857 Find in a Library
Title: Marijuana and Alcohol Use Among 1023 Trauma Patients: A Prospective Study
Journal: Archives of Surgery  Volume:123  Dated:(June 1988)  Pages:733-737
Author(s): C A Soderstrom; A L Trifillis; B S Shankar; W E Clark; R A Cowley
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 5
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A prospective study conducted at the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems in Baltimore between July 1985 and May 1986 examined marijuana use and blood alcohol levels in 1,023 accident victims.
Abstract: The research considered all trauma victims admitted from the scene of injury to the trauma center. The victims included 67.3 percent who were injured as a result of vehicular trauma and 32.4 percent injured from other kinds of trauma. Most were men (72.8 percent) who were 30 years old or younger (58.4 percent). Radioimmunoassay for marijuana resulted in detection of activity of 2 nanograms per milliliter or more in 34.7 percent of the participants. Positive blood alcohol levels were found in 33.5 percent of the participants. Vehicular and nonvehicular trauma victims did not differ significantly in marijuana use, but marijuana use was higher among those 30 years old or younger and among men. However, positive blood alcohol was more frequent among traffic crash victims than among victims of other kinds of trauma. The use of marijuana and alcohol in combination (16.5 percent) was highly significant compared with marijuana aloe (18.3 percent), alcohol alone (16.1 percent), or neither drug (49.1 percent). Injury severity did not correlate with either drug. Tables and 30 references
Main Term(s): Drug related fatalities
Index Term(s): Accident investigation; Alcohol abuse; Marijuana; Maryland; Traffic accidents
Note: DCC
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