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NCJ Number: 157888 Find in a Library
Title: Bail Reform: Restoring Accountability to the Criminal Justice System
Journal: State Factor  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1994)  Pages:complete issue
Corporate Author: American Legislative Exchange Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: American Legislative Exchange Council
Washington, DC 20006
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The American Legislative Research Council supports the use of the private bail system as an effective and efficient means to reform the pretrial release (PTR) system to send a clear message to criminals that they will be held accountable for their actions.
Abstract: Sixty-five percent of all defendants facing felony charges are released through PTR, at no personal cost, and have little incentive to appear in court. Until the mid- 1960's, PTR was processed mainly through the private bail system. Publicly funded PTR was established in the late 1960's, is funded by taxes, and is administered through the county's correctional departments. Approximately 30 percent of felons released through PTR fail to appear in court. Nearly 18 percent of those released through PTR are rearrested while awaiting trial; about two-thirds of them are released again through PTR. While PTR is ineffective in reducing crime and upholding the law and adds a burden to taxpayers, private bail has done an excellent job at no cost to the taxpayer. Private bail improves the criminal justice system because the arrested person bears the cost and is adequately supervised. Ninety-eight percent make their court appearance; the government is paid the amount of the bond in cases of nonappearance. Reference notes and text of anti- crime legislation
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Bail reform; Criminology; Early release programs; Pretrial release; Release on recognizance
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