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NCJ Number: 157942 Find in a Library
Title: Politics and Prison Development in a Rural Area
Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:75  Issue:3  Dated:(September 1995)  Pages:380-389
Author(s): S G Gibbons; G L Pierce
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In 1985, Eastern Oregon State Hospital, an institution for the mentally ill, was converted into Eastern Oregon Correctional Institution (EOCI), a medium security prison for men; EOCI was the first Oregon correctional institution outside the Salem area.
Abstract: The ECOI was converted primarily in response to prison overcrowding, the need for jobs in rural eastern Oregon, and the national trend toward the deinstitutionalization of mental facilities. In 1982, the Oregon Corrections Division received a preliminary report from an architect on proposed correctional facility locations. Pendleton was selected from seven possible sites, despite some political maneuvering. The largest employer in the Pendleton community, a State institution for the mentally ill, was closing. In order to save jobs, local and State politicians argued for the medium-security prison to solve the area's economic problems. The case of Pendleton demonstrates that the construction of new prisons requires community input from the outset. 24 references and 2 notes
Main Term(s): Rural corrections
Index Term(s): Correctional facility transitions; Male offenders; Medium security; Opposition to prison construction; Oregon; Prison construction; Prison overcrowding; Statistics
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