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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157949 Find in a Library
Title: Terrorism in the New French Criminal Code
Journal: Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Penal Compare  Issue:2  Dated:(April-June 1995)  Pages:225-246
Author(s): M E Cartier
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Centre Francais de Criminologie
Paris 75007,, France
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: The article explains and evaluates the new provisions against terrorism in the French Criminal Code of 1994.
Abstract: According to the new code, terrorism is defined as individual and collective acts aimed at disturbing public order through intimidation and terror. Such acts include attacks on human life (e.g., assassinations, torture, and threats), attacks on personal liberty (e.g., abductions and hijacking), and ecological terrorism, such as voluntary pollution of the environment with the goal of harming humans and animals. Unlike previous legislation, the code stipulates special or, at least, aggravated punishments for terrorist crimes. Thus, an offense that is normally punished by a 30 years prison term results in life imprisonment if it is linked to terrorism. The article criticizes the absence of a useful definition of terrorism; overall, however, the new provisions are seen as positive because they judiciously build on earlier laws which have proven effective, because they adequately address present and future terrorism, and because they agree with the new European Convention on Terrorism.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Antiterrorist laws; Foreign criminal codes; International terrorism; Revolutionary or terrorist groups
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