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NCJ Number: 157959 Find in a Library
Title: Influencing Behavior by Criminal Intervention: A Study of Literature
Author(s): M W Bol
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 177
Sponsoring Agency: Gouda Quint Bv
Arnhem, Netherlands
Netherlands Ministry of Justice
2500 Eh the Hague, Netherlands
Publication Number: ISBN 90-387-0373-2
Sale Source: Gouda Quint Bv
Postbus 1148
Type: Survey
Language: Dutch
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study examined international criminological and psychological publications concerning effective behavioral change through punishment.
Abstract: Effective punishment should be accompanied by positive reinforcement of desirable behavior and should treat offenders like reasonable human beings. In this context, alternative sanctions (such as community service), family interventions, and therapeutic interventions directly related to the crime are especially beneficial. Certainty and celerity of punishment as well as consistent application of disciplinary measures can also modify criminal behavior significantly. In the execution of sentences, the probation phase is essential because it rewards well adjusted behavior and offers personal attention and support through a probation officer. Future research should determine whether continuing this contact beyond the probation period would reduce recidivism. According to psychological research, the initial level of punishment should not be too low; thus, a mild sentence for first-time offender works better than dismissing the charge entirely. Especially for juveniles, a mild, quick punishment is most effective. Therefore, the study advocates maintaining a separate, mild but rapid criminal justice system for juvenile delinquents. 31 pages of references
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Deterrence; Foreign correctional systems; Punishment
Note: Onderzoek en Beleid, 140 (Research and Policy, N 139)
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