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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 157966 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Screening for Alcoholism
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
United States of America
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
5635 Fishers Lane, MSC 9304
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Alcohol screening identifies individuals in a patient population who have begun to develop or who are at risk for developing alcoholism; routine use of a standard alcoholism- detection instrument is valuable, because these instruments provide a structured, disciplined, and consistent means to detect individuals at risk.
Abstract: Two types of alcoholism-screening instruments are available. The first type includes self-report questionnaires and structured interviews; the second type includes clinical laboratory tests that can detect pathophysiology associated with excessive alcohol consumption. Both types of screening instruments should be valid (measure what the clinician or researcher is attempting to measure) and yield reliable results (consistency across raters and time). Sensitivity and specificity, key properties of every screening test, are related to validity. Sensitivity refers to the test's accuracy in identifying individuals with an alcohol problem. Specificity refers to the test's effectiveness in identifying people who do not have an alcohol problem. The CAGE questionnaire is a self-report screening instrument that is suited to a busy medical setting in which time is limited for patient interviews. Other alcoholism screening instruments assessed in this paper are the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test, the Alcohol Dependence Scale, and the T-ACE questionnaire. 34 references
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Alcoholism detection; Diagnostic and reception processing; Medical evaluation
Note: From Alcohol Alert No. 8, April 1990.
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