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NCJ Number: 157969 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Treatment Outcome Research
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
United States of America
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
5635 Fishers Lane, MSC 9304
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses the importance and methodology of alcoholism treatment outcome research, as well as some of the findings of such research.
Abstract: Every behavioral and medical treatment regime should be evaluated to determine whether treatment is better than no treatment, whether treatment is worse than no treatment, whether one treatment is better than another, the extent of treatment required for desired outcomes, whether quality of life has changed because drinking patterns have changed, and whether the benefits of treatment are worth the cost. A review of various types of research methodology concludes that controlled clinical trials assess treatment with the least bias, double-blind studies keep research results objective, and a well-done study follows up all participants. Many commonly used treatments have not been adequately evaluated and need to undergo controlled clinical trials. These trials will not only verify the effectiveness of treatment but also may help to improve outcome and cost- effectiveness. Results of a study by Hayashida and colleagues show that inpatient rehabilitation produces a more effective outcome than Alcoholics Anonymous alone. Other treatments shown to be effective by research are stress management therapy, assertiveness and communication skills training, behavioral self- control training, and behavioral marital therapy. This paper also discusses medications and an increase in treatment efficiency through outcome research. 21 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Evaluation techniques
Note: From Alcohol Alert No. 17, July 1992.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=157969

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