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NCJ Number: 157975 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol and Hormones
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

US Dept of Health and Human Services
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
5635 Fishers Lane, MSC 9304
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines how alcohol interacts with hormones to produce various effects on vital body functions.
Abstract: Hormones are chemical messengers that control and coordinate the functions of all tissues and organs. Each hormone is secreted from a particular gland and distributed throughout the body to act on tissues at different sites. Two areas of the brain, the hypothalamus and the pituitary, release hormones, as do glands in other parts of the body. For hormones to function properly, their amount and the timing of their release must be finely coordinated, and the target tissues must be able to respond to them accurately. Alcohol can impair the functions of the hormone- releasing glands and of the target tissues, thereby causing serious medical consequences. Hormones control four major areas of body function: production, use, and storage of energy; reproduction; maintenance of the internal environment; and growth and development. This paper describes how, by interfering with hormone actions, alcohol can alter blood sugar levels and exacerbate or cause diabetes; impair reproductive functions; and interfere with calcium metabolism and bone structure, thus increasing the risk of osteoporosis; conversely, hormones also may affect alcohol consumption by influencing alcohol-seeking behavior. 39 references
Main Term(s): Drug effects
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol abuse education; Alcoholism
Note: From Alcohol Alert No.26, October 1994.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=157975

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