skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157994 Find in a Library
Title: Mexico's "War" on Drugs: Causes and Consequences
Author(s): M C Toro
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 110
Sponsoring Agency: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc
Boulder, CO 80301
United Nations Research

United Nations University
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55587-548-3
Sale Source: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc
1800 30th Street, Suite 314
Boulder, CO 80301
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The organization of the illicit drug industry in Mexico and drug control policies of the Mexican government are described.
Abstract: The illicit drug industry in Mexico primarily targets foreign markets, but the industry's socioeconomic and political effects within Mexico have led to corruption, militarization, violence, and unintended victims. Originally designed to impose order along the border between Mexico and the United States, Mexico's drug control policies gravitated toward prohibiting production and interdicting smugglers. At first, Mexico tried to exercise a semblance of control over U.S. border and drug agents. In the latter phase of prohibition and interdiction, Mexico attempted to deal not only with aggressive U.S. agents but also with a smuggler counterstate growing on Mexican soil. U.S. prohibitionism created an extremely profitable climate for drug smugglers to use Mexico as a country for both production (marijuana and heroin) and transit (cocaine). While socioeconomic and political costs of drug consumption have mounted, Mexico's policy initiatives to reduce these costs have simply aggravated rather than solved the drug problem. Drug trafficking and control policies have particularly affected Mexico's criminal justice system. Courts and jails are full of drug cases, limiting the system in terms of what can be accomplished in other areas of domestic law. The Mexican criminal justice system has concentrated the bulk of its resources on enforcing drug laws, even though domestic drug use in Mexico is relatively low. Realities of the "war on drugs" have dragged the Mexican government into adopting increasingly punitive programs that have rendered drug manufacture and smuggling more appealing. Needed changes in Mexico's drug control policies are discussed that focus on the dynamics of the international drug market and U.S. drug control policies. 75 references, 174 notes, 5 tables, 10 figures, and 3 maps
Main Term(s): Drug regulation
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crime in foreign countries; Drug abuse; Drug manufacturing; Drug Policy; Drug smuggling; Foreign crime prevention; Heroin; International drug law enforcement; Marijuana; Mexico
Note: Studies on the Impact of the Illegal Drug Trade, Volume 3
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.