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NCJ Number: 158113 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Relations Between Crime and Disadvantage on Merseyside
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:3  Issue:3  Dated:(1995)  Pages:93-112
Author(s): A Hirschfield; K J Bowers; P J B Brown
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: British Economic and Social Research Council
Grant Number: L210252014
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This paper presents conceptual and methodological issues in a 2-year study of the relationship between crime and poverty in Merseyside, England.
Abstract: The study was part of the British Economic and Social Research Council's Crime and Social Order Research Program. The Merseyside study is examining the importance of segregation, spatial relations, and the absence of social cohesion in explaining relationships between crime and disadvantage. The project has assembled several data sets. Analytical methods include conventional multivariate techniques (multiple regression, principal components analysis), statistical tools designed specifically for analyzing spatial data, and techniques for identifying spatial and temporal patterns in disaggregate crime data. Results revealed crime hot spots in or contiguous to areas of social deprivation, social disorganization, and low guardianship, consistent with routine activity theory. Repeat victimization was especially likely in these hot spots. Findings tentatively suggested an increased temptation for potential offenders in disadvantaged areas to commit offenses in the neighboring affluent areas and demoralization resulting in increased crime in disadvantaged areas surrounded by affluence. Figures, tables, and 27 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime in foreign countries; England; Poverty and crime
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