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NCJ Number: 158178 Find in a Library
Title: Gender Bias in Courtroom Dynamics
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:19  Issue:5  Dated:(October 1995)  Pages:465-480
Author(s): S Riger; P Foster-Fishman; J Nelson-Kuna; B Currant
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Secondary analyses of data from a survey of Illinois judges and attorneys were conducted to explore the importance of gender, role as judge versus attorney, experience with bias, and age in predicting perceptions of gender bias in the courtroom.
Abstract: The mailed survey was conducted by the American Bar Foundation for the Illinois Task Force on Gender Bias in the Courts. The survey included 819 judges, or whom 7-8 percent were female; usable responses came from 351 judges. A total of 913 attorneys responded from the total sample of approximately 3,000. Three dimensions of bias were identified: presence of bias, optimism (belief that bias is decreasing), and instrumental bias (use of biased behavior as a trial tactic). Results revealed that although role, age, and experience had some importance in explaining the scores on these three factors, gender offered the greatest predictive power. Each of the dimensions of bias may stem from different sources and suggest different remedies for the problem of discrimination. Finally, ending bias in courtroom dynamics may come more quickly from the strict of enforcement of codes of judicial and attorney conduct rather than attempts to educate and change prejudicial attitudes. Tables and 24 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Court personnel attitudes
Index Term(s): Attorneys; Criminology; Illinois; Judges; Sex discrimination
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