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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158181 Find in a Library
Title: Developmental Patterns of Eyewitness Memory and Suggestibility: An Ecologically Based Short-Term Longitudinal Study
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:19  Issue:5  Dated:(October 1995)  Pages:507-532
Author(s): W S Cassel; D F Bjorklund
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 26
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: One hundred sixty adults, 8-year-olds, and 6-year-olds viewed a video of two children arguing over a bicycle and were asked free-recall and cued-recall as well as positive and negative leading questions in multiple interviewed to determine age-related patterns of eyewitness memory and suggestibility in case involving a misdemeanor.
Abstract: Results revealed age differences for correct free recall but not for unbiased cued recall. Unbiased cues evoked more correct and incorrect responses from all participants. Incorrect free recall was near floor levels. Forgetting for all ages was comparable when based on levels of initial free recall but was greater for the children when based on what was remembers to unbiased cued-recall questions. Age differences existed for suggestibility; the 6-year-olds were more suggestible to the negative leading questions than were participants in the other two age groups. Adults demonstrated a rejection bias. Compared to children, adults correctly recalled more peripheral items. Changes answers were most common for 6-year-olds. Figure, tables, and 31 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile witnesses
Index Term(s): Criminology; Eyewitness memory; Eyewitness testimony; Facial Recognition/Recall; Suspect identification; Witness credibility
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