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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158207 Find in a Library
Title: Self-Control and Its Manifestations Among University Students: An Empirical Test of Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1995)  Pages:231-255
Author(s): J J Gibbs; D Giever
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 25
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime (1990) by examining the independent influence of the personality characteristic of self-control on behaviors that can be considered equivalent to crime.
Abstract: A sample of 237 undergraduates completed a survey including a self-control scale and self-report items on alcohol consumption and class cutting. While the results showed a statistically significant association between race and drinking, there was no such relationship between age and drinking. Neither age nor race was associated with class cutting. Self-control was the independent variable most strongly linked with both dependent variables at the zero-order level. When percentage of class hours cut was regressed on the three independent variables, self-control was the only factor with a significant partial regression coefficient. When drinking was regressed on the three independent variables, all three had significant partial regression coefficients, but self- control had the largest standardized partial regression coefficient. 6 tables, 11 notes, and 21 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Alcoholic beverage consumption; Criminality prediction; Statistics
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