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NCJ Number: 158241 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Shifting Importance of Alcohol and Marijuana as Gateway Substances Among Serious Drug Abusers
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol  Volume:55  Issue:5  Dated:(September 1994)  Pages:607-614
Author(s): A Golub; B D Johnson
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0064; 1-R01-DA06615-01
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study, based on retrospective interviews obtained through the Careers in Crack program, examines the substance use histories of 994 persons who became serious drug abusers.
Abstract: Contrary to prior research, this study found that alcohol did not serve as a gateway drug to further substance use or abuse for this sample. Many respondents reported using marijuana as a first subject, and a substantial proportion of these serious drug abusers claimed never to have used alcohol. The average age at first substance use has also declined over the years. The findings suggested that marijuana's role as a gateway drug has increased; less than 10 percent of the sample reported having progressed to more serious drugs without having first used marijuana. 6 tables and 19 references
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Drug abuse; Marijuana
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