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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158253 Find in a Library
Title: Occupational-Related Victimization of Trial Court Judges
Journal: Sociological Spectrum  Volume:15  Issue:4  Dated:(October-December 1995)  Pages:463-471
Author(s): R E Little; R S Fong
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 9
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because judges are increasingly targeted for violence by individuals involved in criminal trial proceedings and this phenomenon is relatively unstudied by social scientists, the current study assessed the nature and extent of victimization suffered by trial court judges pursuant to their activities on the bench.
Abstract: Five types of victimization were examined: (1) verbal abuse and face-to-face threats of physical harm; (2) mail and telephone harassment; (3) physical assaults on the judge and his or her family; (4) theft and vandalism to personal property; and (5) general fear of victimization resulting from the job. The survey instrument contained Likert-saled victimization measures which allowed judges to report actual victimization and perceptual data. Significant levels of each type of victimization were observed among a sample of State criminal court judges. Most judges believed in the potential for harm to their family members, although actual harm to the person or family was reported by only a few judges. Victimization related to property crime and harassment, however, was substantial. Most judges received threatening mail and telephone calls at home, and 3 of every 10 judges claimed property damage. Causal speculation concerning violence targeting judges and victimization reduction strategies are discussed. 15 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Assault and battery; Harassing telephone calls; Judges; Property damage; Trial courts; Vandalism; Violence prevention
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