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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158262 Find in a Library
Title: Gender Differences in Sex-Risk Behaviors, Economic Livelihood, and Self-Concept Among Drug Injectors and Crack Smokers
Journal: American Journal on Addictions  Volume:4  Issue:4  Dated:(Fall 1995)  Pages:313-322
Author(s): R E Booth; S K Koester; F Pinto
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A comparison of male and female drug abusers from inner-city neighborhoods conducted in 1991 and 1992 revealed that female drug abusers revealed that female drug abusers were at higher risk than males for HIV as a result of high- risk sexual behavior.
Abstract: Specifically, women were more likely than men to have had sexual relations with a drug injector and greater involvement in prostitution, including exchanging sex for drugs or money. Women had fewer legitimate employment opportunities and were less likely to have received support through illegal sources, excluding prostitution, than men. Women had significantly lowered perceived self-concept, greater depression, and more anxiety than men. Gender, economic means of support, and self-concept were highly interrelated. Findings underscore the need for interventions that address the economically marginalized position of addicted women and their low self-concept. Tables and 73 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Male female offender comparisons; Risk taking behavior
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