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NCJ Number: 158293 Find in a Library
Title: Testing the Leading Crime Theories: An Alternative Strategy Focusing on Motivational Processes
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:32  Issue:4  Dated:(November 1995)  Pages:363-398
Author(s): R Agnew
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 36
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although empirical tests of leading crime theories usually develop measures of independent variables and then examine the effect of these measures on crime, this article challenges those tests.
Abstract: In the first section, the author argues that it is not possible to fully distinguish between leading crime theories by focusing on the effect of independent variables because the theories share many of the same independent variables in common. In the second section, the author contends that leading crime theories are best distinguished in terms of their specification of crime motives. Such motives may be either positive or negative, and they explain why independent variables lead to crime. With certain exceptions, such motives have been neglected in empirical research. The nature of these motives is discussed, and suggestions for their measurement are offered. Consideration is paid to social control, self-control, strain, differential association, and social learning theories. 111 references and 9 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology theory evaluation
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Criminal justice research; Psychological theories; Research methods; Scientific techniques; Social control theory; Social Learning; Strain theory
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