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NCJ Number: 158294 Find in a Library
Title: Informal Sanction Threats and Corporate Crime: Additive Versus Multiplicative Models
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:32  Issue:4  Dated:(November 1995)  Pages:399-424
Author(s): L A Elis; S S Simpson
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 26
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using data drawn from a factorial survey, this research examined the extent to which decisions to engage in corporate crime were affected by perceived informal sanction threats.
Abstract: Specifically, the analysis explored whether perceived risk of informal detection and social costs associated with that risk inhibited offending decisions in an additive or an interactive manner. Perceived formal sanction threats at both individual and firm levels and moral beliefs about illegal activity were included in the analysis as control variables. Findings indicated that perceived risk of informal detection and perceived social costs of informal detection did not decrease levels of intended behavior in either an additive or a multiplicative fashion. However, informal sanction certainty, perceived immorality of the act, and several individual and firm characteristics were significantly related to offending decisions. Additional information on the analysis scenarios is appended. 32 references, 14 notes, and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Corporate crimes; Crime Statistics; Criminal justice research; Factorial research design
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