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NCJ Number: 158323 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Litigation Dimensions: Torts and Contracts in Large Urban Courts
Journal: State Court Journal  Volume:19  Issue:1  Dated:special issue (1995)  Pages:complete issue
Author(s): J A Goerdt; B J Ostrom; D B Rottman; R C LaFountain; N B Kauder
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 47
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 92-BJ-CX-K022
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents an overview of the crucial findings from the Civil Trial Court Network (CTCN) Project, an analysis of civil justice intended to provide broadly based empirical data on basic issues relevant to the ongoing debate regarding the need for civil justice reform.
Abstract: The analysis focuses mainly on large urban State trial courts that handle much of the country's civil litigation. Basic aspects of tort and contract litigation are compared, civil verdicts and awards in approximately 12,000 cases decided by a jury are discussed, and data are provided regarding general patterns of litigation in 75 counties. The discussion notes that 43,259 of the approximately 230,000 general docket civil cases initiated in United States District Courts in 1993 were tort cases, of which 44 percent were product liability, 12 percent were motor vehicle torts, and 3 percent were medical malpractice. The data do not indicate a rapid escalation in the volume of either tort or contract filings. The median case-processing time in tort cases is 416 days and in contract cases is 253 days. Although tort cases account for about half of all general civil cases filed in urban State courts, torts account for almost 8 of 10 jury trials. Overall, juries find for the plaintiff in half of all cases. The data also indicate a more complex and varied set of factors than is sometimes assumed in the public debate on civil litigation and its reform. Figures, tables, footnotes, and appended tables and methodological information
Main Term(s): Court statistics
Index Term(s): Civil proceedings; Civil remedies; Torts
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