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NCJ Number: 158327 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Reconsideration of Parental and Peer Influences on Adolescent Deviance
Journal: Journal of Health and Social Behavior  Volume:36  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1995)  Pages:103-121
Author(s): R H Aseltine Jr
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: RO1MH42909
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because the role of peers in fostering deviant behavior in adoelscence is well-documented in the sociological literature and support for parental influence or control theories of deviance is more equivocal, this study examined the relative influence of peers and parents on adolescent delinquency and marijuana use using data from a three-wave panel study of 435 young people who were paired with a best friend.
Abstract: Data for the analysis came from a prospective study of social factors influencing development in the high school years. Conducted in Boston area communities, the study was based on a probability sample of 9th, 10th, and 11th graders in public schools and involved three waves covering the 1988-1990 period. Covariance structure models based on polychoric correlations among study variables revealed that friends primarily influenced the behavior of young people; estimates of such influence, however, were grossly overstated in analysis relying on respondents' perceptions of friends' behavior. Parental supervision and attachment were weakly related to subsequent delinquency and marijuana use, lending little support to control theories of deviance. Different processes accounted for similarities among members of delinquent and drug-using peer groups. Although young people were socialized into delinquent behavior by peers, both selection and socialization influences played important roles in the formation of drug-using peer groups. An appendix tabulates data on polychoric correlations among study variables 64 references, 7 notes, 4 tables, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Criminology; Deviance; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Longitudinal studies; Marijuana; Massachusetts; Parental influence; Peer influences on behavior; Psychological research; Sociological analyses; Students
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