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NCJ Number: 158347 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Violence and the Massachusetts Transfer Statute
Journal: New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1995)  Pages:371-391
Author(s): J M Cronin
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 21
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The transfer of violent juvenile offenders for trial as adults has become a controversial political issue, and the juvenile transfer law in Massachusetts is analyzed in terms of loss of social control in the United States, increasing juvenile violence, and failure of the incarceration model in the adult criminal justice system.
Abstract: The article traces the development of the juvenile court system and discusses various models for transfer proceedings. The author contends that the containment approach is ill-advised for the adult criminal justice system and that modifying the transfer statute in Massachusetts by adopting the "legislative waiver" approach with attendant increases in the incarceration of juveniles in adult institutions cannot provide a viable solution to the problem of juvenile violence. Rather, a more comprehensive approach which includes increased attention and resources to all components of the juvenile justice system is both appropriate and necessary. The role of the juvenile court, the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services, the family, and the community in juvenile violence prevention is emphasized. 84 footnotes
Main Term(s): Juvenile court waiver
Index Term(s): Criminology; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile offender statistics; Massachusetts; State juvenile justice systems; State juvenile laws; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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