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NCJ Number: 158355 Find in a Library
Title: Civil Commitment of Minors to Mental Institutions in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Journal: New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Commitment  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1995)  Pages:543-574
Author(s): T Hopcroft
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 32
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article explores how Massachusetts provides treatment and protection for children through legal and mental health systems; the focus is on when to commit juveniles to mental health facilities, who should make such determinations, the potential for abuse, and the need for juveniles to have a separate voice to protect against being erroneously committed to mental health facilities.
Abstract: In the past, the Massachusetts Department of Social Services has bypassed the few existing safeguards, denied children procedural due process, and committed them to mental health facilities. More recently, by enacting a comprehensive procedure for admitting children to mental institutions, the Massachusetts legislature has taken a significant step toward equalizing the protection afforded adults and children. In civil commitment cases, due process demands that all persons have the opportunity for a full adversarial hearing with legal representation. The civil commitment process is described with respect to voluntary admission, conditional voluntary admission, involuntary commitment, and court-ordered commitment, and relevant U.S. Supreme Court rulings are noted. 264 footnotes
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Child protection services; Civil commitment; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Courts; Juvenile Delinquents with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Massachusetts; Mentally ill offenders; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Right to Due Process; Rights of minors; US Supreme Court decisions
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=158355

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