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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158387 Find in a Library
Title: Japan and the World Narcotics Traffic
Author(s): T Parissinen; K Meyer
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 64
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drug trafficking and politics were closely linked in Japan from the 1890's through the 1930's; the 50-year history of this hidden industry mirrored Japan's more visible experiences in the modern era.
Abstract: In the late 1930's the Japanese government sheltered a well-organized opium and heroin operation throughout North China. This efficient organization managed to undersell and virtually eliminate European competition in the China drug market. Like its Chinese competitors, it hid military and political power objectives behind the rhetoric of public service and concern for the addict's welfare. However, in the late 1800's, when Japan had only just emerged into the modern world of international commerce, it did so with strong convictions against China's thriving opium trade. As a result, Japan developed an opium-free image that remained despite activities to the contrary. Unlike their stance toward legitimate industry, Japanese officials came to the opium traffic reluctantly, embracing it as part of the established colonial world order of Asia. However, they regarded the opium traffic as part of the tools of western conquest in Asia. Their status as power brokers in East Asia determined their attitudes to opium. 51 reference notes
Main Term(s): Drug law offenses
Index Term(s): China; Crime in foreign countries; Drug Policy; Drug Related Crime; Heroin; Japan
Note: DCC. Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., 1991
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