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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158390 Find in a Library
Title: Diverting First-Time Drug Offenders: Problems and Prospects
Author(s): W C Terry III; H Baker
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Florida International University
North Miami, FL 33181
Sale Source: Florida International University
Dept of Criminal Justice
North Miami, FL 33181
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Judicial diversion of first-time drug offenders from the criminal justice system is examined, with emphasis on the Broward County (Fla.) Drug Court.
Abstract: Several States and jurisdictions have experimented with drug diversion in recent times. Florida has been experimenting with drug diversion since the enactment of the Baumgartner Act of 1979. Broward County implemented a Drug Court. Following most of the models around the country, no pretrial intervention occurs. Persons participating in the Drug Court must plead guilty before they are allowed officially to begin the program. However, they may have been in the program some weeks before the final judicial proceedings are completed. The court focuses on offenders arrested for the possession or purchase of cocaine. The Drug Court is a three-phase program that includes group and individual therapy, fellowship meetings, case staffing, urinalysis, and acupuncture. Problems with drug diversion programs include costs, equity, and difficulties in forming a consensus in the criminal justice community regarding the program. Benefits of the programs include their cost- effectiveness in comparison to incarceration, the possibility of creating systemic programs in which criminal justice agencies work in harmony with the communities and local governments they serve, and potential rehabilitation for addicts. 25 references
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Diversion programs; Drug treatment programs; Florida
Note: DCC; Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Annual Meetings, San Francisco, Calif., Nov. 20, 1991
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