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NCJ Number: 158393 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Trends in Drug Use in the USA and Norway: Divergences in Epidemiological and Criminal Justice Data
Author(s): L Harrison; R Hauge
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report reviews the epidemiological and criminal justice data on drug use in the U.S. and Norway.
Abstract: The paper discusses indicators of illicit drug use, and trends in drug deaths and drug-related arrests. While the epidemiological survey data show gradual, but long-term reductions in drug use, the criminal justice data show dramatic increases in the number of persons arrested for drug offenses. Some of the discrepancies in the data can be explained by cohort differences, due to the rising age of both drug addicts and drug offenders. A large part of the increase in drug-related arrests can be attributed to enhanced law enforcement efforts. The authors conclude that the increase in drug use evident from the criminal justice statistics is an artifact of the criminalization of drugs, and that epidemiological survey data are more reliable in terms of tracking patterns of drug use. 5 tables, 11 figures, 6 notes, and 26 references
Main Term(s): Drug use
Index Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Drug related fatalities; Norway; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
Note: DCC. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, San Francisco, CA, November 20-23, 1991.
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