skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 158401 Find in a Library
Title: Neonatal Costs of Maternal Drug Use
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Association  Volume:266  Issue:11  Dated:(September 18, 1991)  Pages:1521-1526
Author(s): C S Phibbs; D A Bateman; R M Schwartz
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared a sample of 355 cocaine-exposed infants with 199 control infants to determine the added neonatal cost and length of hospital stay associated with fetal drug exposure.
Abstract: Regression analysis was used to control for the independent effects of maternal age, smoking, alcohol consumption, prenatal care, race, gravidity, and infant gender. The results showed that neonatal hospital bills, from birth until discharge, totaled $5,200 more for cocaine-exposed infants than for nonexposed infants. The costs associated with infants' remaining in the hospital nursery until home and social evaluation occurred or until they were placed in foster care increased this difference by more than $3,500. Fetal exposure to crack increased this cost differential more than exposure to other forms of cocaine. Exposure to other illicit drugs in addition to cocaine was also associated with larger cost increases. 4 tables and 22 references
Main Term(s): Children of drug abusers
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Hospitals; Medical costs; Pregnant drug abusers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.