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NCJ Number: 158401 Find in a Library
Title: Neonatal Costs of Maternal Drug Use
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Association  Volume:266  Issue:11  Dated:(September 18, 1991)  Pages:1521-1526
Author(s): C S Phibbs; D A Bateman; R M Schwartz
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared a sample of 355 cocaine-exposed infants with 199 control infants to determine the added neonatal cost and length of hospital stay associated with fetal drug exposure.
Abstract: Regression analysis was used to control for the independent effects of maternal age, smoking, alcohol consumption, prenatal care, race, gravidity, and infant gender. The results showed that neonatal hospital bills, from birth until discharge, totaled $5,200 more for cocaine-exposed infants than for nonexposed infants. The costs associated with infants' remaining in the hospital nursery until home and social evaluation occurred or until they were placed in foster care increased this difference by more than $3,500. Fetal exposure to crack increased this cost differential more than exposure to other forms of cocaine. Exposure to other illicit drugs in addition to cocaine was also associated with larger cost increases. 4 tables and 22 references
Main Term(s): Children of drug abusers
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Hospitals; Medical costs; Pregnant drug abusers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=158401

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