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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 158403 Find in a Library
Title: Drugs in Fatally Injured Young Male Drivers
Journal: Public Health Reports  Volume:100  Issue:1  Dated:(January-February 1985)  Pages:19-25
Author(s): A F Williams; M A Peat; D J Crouch; J K Wells; B S Finkle
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 7
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzed drug consumption by 440 male drivers between 15 and 34 years of age who were killed in motor vehicle crashes in California in 1982 and 1983.
Abstract: Arrangements were made with coroners in four California counties to obtain blood samples from fatally injured male drivers of motor vehicles during part of 1982 and most or all of 1983. Of 789 young male drivers killed in motor vehicle crashes, 514 died on impact or soon after the crash and were thus eligible for inclusion in the study. Alcohol, the most frequently found drug, was detected in 70 percent of the drivers, marijuana in 37 percent, and cocaine in 11 percent. Each of 24 other drugs was detected in less than 5 percent of the drivers. Except for alcohol, drugs were infrequently found alone and were typically found in combination with high blood alcohol concentrations. The causal role of drugs in motor vehicle crashes was assessed by comparing drivers with and without drugs in terms of their responsibility for the crash. Alcohol was associated with increased crash responsibility, but the role of other drugs could not be adequately determined. 18 references and 6 tables
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis; California; Cocaine; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drug law offenses; Fatalities; Marijuana; Traffic accidents; Traffic offenses
Note: DCC
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