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NCJ Number: 158409 Find in a Library
Title: Negative Impact of the "War on Drugs" on Criminal Homicide
Author(s): D Cheatwood
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: University of Baltimore
Baltimore, MD 21202
Sale Source: University of Baltimore
Dept of Criminal Justice
Baltimore, MD 21202
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings of this study indicate the war on drugs has not substantially reduced lethal violence, specifically homicide.
Abstract: The study covered the 1978-1990 period, and data on homicide rates were obtained from Uniform Crime Reports. Information on public and media focus on the drug war was also obtained from NEXIS. The study hypothesized that a get tough stance on drugs would lead to a reduction in drug use, a reduction in drug availability, an increase in drug prices, and a decrease in lethal violence. It became quite obvious that the drug war did not reduce homicide. Homicide rates showed periodic swings that the study could not predict or adequately explain. There was no real explanation of why homicide was high in 1974, lower through 1977, higher again through 1980, lower until 1985, and higher between 1985 and 1990. The relationship between homicide and drugs primarily involved drug trafficking. The one clearly positive change correlated with the drug war, however, was a continuing decline in drug use over the study period. Supplemental study data are appended. 31 references and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Drug regulation
Index Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Drug Related Crime; Drug use; Homicide; Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program; Violent crimes
Note: DCC
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