skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 158415 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Nationwide Profile of Female Inmate Substance Involvement
Journal: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs  Volume:16  Issue:4  Dated:(October-December 1984)  Pages:319-326
Author(s): R E Miller
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Drug Enforcement Admin
Springfield, VA 22152
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on the findings of a survey of State prison inmates that included questions on inmate drug use and treatment; the focus of this report is on patterns of drug use and treatment for female inmates.
Abstract: The U.S. Bureau of the Census surveyed State prisons at the request of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (1979). The survey involved personal interviews with inmates nationwide and produced data on 993 variables, including health care and substance involvement. In this report, gender was cross-tabulated with 61 variables on background, criminality, past/present substance involvement, access to health care, and participation in substance abuse treatment and psychosocial counseling. To develop a nationwide profile of female inmate substance abuse patterns, results have been compared to previously reported findings on the male inmate. Evidence from this investigation supports the description of the characteristics of female inmates: young, insufficiently educated, unmarried, and mothers. Typically, they have had difficulty seeking and securing employment. Licit and illicit substance use/abuse pervade their lifestyle. Prison and jail health specialists consider substance abuse the most common health problem of inmates, with alcohol being by far the most abused substance. In this nationwide profile, a greater portion of female than male inmates was using heroin and methadone daily. Current participation in drug treatment was indicated by a slightly higher percentage of female than male inmates. In preparation for prison/jail release, drug rehabilitation centers should provide numerous structured activities to teach and train these women in social, academic, and vocational skills. These efforts have substantially lowered recidivism and relapse rates among female offenders. Substance abuse counselors should collaborate with health care personnel in monitoring female inmates' access to licit substances within the penal setting. 27 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Drug abuse in correctional facilities; Female inmates; Inmate drug treatment
Note: DCC
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.