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NCJ Number: 158453 Find in a Library
Title: Gangs: Origin, Outlook, and Policy Implications (From Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, P 7-18, 1996, Roslyn Muraskin and Albert R. Roberts, eds. - see NCJ-158451)
Author(s): K J Peak
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice-Hall, Inc
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Sale Source: Prentice-Hall, Inc
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines gang origins, composition, and characteristics, and explores the utility of various approaches to addressing the gang problem in American cities.
Abstract: The article reviews the literature on the formation of gangs, and the features unique to some contemporary racial and ethnic gangs, including Asian gangs, Black gangs, Hispanic gangs, and neo- Nazi skinhead gangs. Two primary methods that have been employed to control youth gangs include police sweeps or crackdowns, and community programs. The community-oriented policing and problem solving (COPPS) strategy brings police and community leaders together to work toward reducing neighborhood disorder and fear of gang-related crime. These programs seem to be most effective when they emphasize fundamental changes in school philosophies, job skills development for youth, assistance to families, a shift toward a proactive police approach, and intervention and control of known gang members. 33 references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Community policing; Gang Prevention; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Juveniles
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