skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 158467 Find in a Library
Title: Sentencing Into the Twenty-First Century: Sentence Enhancement and Life Without Parole (From Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, P 237-254, Roslyn Muraskin and Albert R. Roberts, eds. - see NCJ-158451)
Author(s): E Morgan-Sharp; R T Sigler
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice-Hall, Inc
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Sale Source: Prentice-Hall, Inc
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses cycles in the American orientation toward the sentencing of criminal offenders, and predicts that the current tendency to emphasize punishment or retribution will shift in the next few decades toward a philosophy of treatment or rehabilitation.
Abstract: Punishment-oriented periods are characterized by the passage of legislation which focuses on the offense rather than the offender, increases penalties, and reduces variability in sentencing. A treatment-oriented period in criminal justice would see new statutes reducing or eliminating punitive statutes such as habitual offender laws, sentence enhancement, and determinate sentencing, and stressing instead community-based alternatives to incarceration. 71 references
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Courts; Intermediate sanctions; Punishment; Rehabilitation; Sentencing trends
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.