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NCJ Number: 158509 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Intelligence, Memory and Interrogative Suggestibility in Young Offenders
Journal: Psychology, Crime and Law  Volume:1  Dated:(1995)  Pages:283-290
Author(s): G Richardson; T P Kelly
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between intelligence, memory recall, and suggestibility during interrogation as proposed by Gudjonsson and Clark in 1986 was examined using data from 58 adolescent male offenders residing in a national children's center with security facilities in the United Kingdom.
Abstract: The participants had an average age of 15.5 years. The majority had unstable family backgrounds, major school difficulties, and problematic social relationships. They completed the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. Results revealed that interrogative suggestibility correlated negatively with intelligence and recall memory. In addition, limited evidence existed of range effects for the relationship between intelligence and suggestibility, but not for the relationship between recall memory and suggestibility. Findings were broadly consistent with the findings of previous studies. The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale appears to provide important and significant information about some of the cognitive factors that appear to influence the extent to which an adolescent forensic population is susceptible to interrogative suggestibility. Adolescent suspects, witnesses, and crime victims who have lower intellectual abilities, such as those who the Wechsler scale would categorize as having a borderline mental disability or a mental disability, are likely to be more inherently more suggestible and therefore more vulnerable to giving false testimony or false confessions than others. Tables and 16 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile witnesses
Index Term(s): Interview and interrogation; Witness credibility
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=158509

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